Posts tagged white
Toddlers from low-income Hispanic, American Indian (AI), and Alaskan Native (AN) homes are at increased risk for obesity, according to a new study, Medscape reports.
The federal study, published in the journal Pediatrics, collected weight data for 1.2 million children at ages 0 to 23 months in 2008 and followed up with them within 24 to 35 months in 2010-11. In 2008, 13.3% of children were obese. In 2010-11, 36.5% of those children remained obese and 11% who were not obese at baseline became obese at follow-up.
The Medscape article also highlighted some striking disparities in children’s weight by race/ethnicity:
At baseline, obesity rates were higher among Hispanic and AI/AN toddlers, with 18.0% of AI/AN children obese at baseline compared with 15.3% of Hispanic children, 12.8% of non-Hispanic black children, 11.5% of white children, and 9.5 of Asian/Pacific Island children. In addition, Hispanic and AI/AN children were more likely to remain obese at follow-up at 40.3% and 44.4%,respectively, compared with 34.7% of whites, 33.2% of Asian/Pacific islanders, and 30.5% of non-Hispanic blacks.
AI/AN and Hispanic youngsters were more likely to become obese 24 to 35 months after initial examination. Some 15.4% of AI/AM children became obese at follow-up. Of Hispanic children, 13.6% became obese compared with 9.7% of white children, 9.0% of Asian/Pacific Island children, and 8.7% of black children.
“The needs of Hispanic and AI/AN young children should be considered when designing population-based strategies to support environmental and system change in communities and culturally appropriate interventions,” the the researchers stated in the study’s conclusion.
U.S. adults rate “not enough exercise” at the top of the list of top health problems for children in their communities, according to the sixth annual survey of top health concerns conducted by the University of Michigan C.S. Mott Children’s Hospital National Poll on Children’s Health.
Other top overall health concerns include childhood obesity, smoking, drug abuse and bullying.
Hispanic adults were more likely to rate childhood obesity first, followed by “not enough exercise.” Hispanics also rated drug abuse higher than smoking and tobacco use.
Hispanic and black adults both identified sexually transmitted infections as a greater concern for kids in their communities than did white adults.
Despite these differences, Hispanic, black and white adults agreed that “not enough exercise” and obesity are two of the top three most pressing health concerns for kids in their communities. Other concerns that made the top 10 in all three groups included drug abuse, smoking and tobacco use, bullying, and teen pregnancy.
Texas’ severe shortage of mental health professionals is compounded by a disparity in diagnosing and treating the state’s rapidly growing Latino and other minority communities, the Texas Tribune reports.
The report indicates that 64% of all psychiatrists were white, 3.5% were black, and 12.4% were Hispanic in 2009.
Watch this captivating video to see more about this issue.
The good news: Hispanic students have increased their math and reading scores.
The bad news: The gap between Hispanics and white students on the National Assessment of Educational Progress has persisted since the 1990s, according to a new Department of Education report, Reuters reports.
The national average of achievement gaps between Hispanic and white students in grades 4 and 8 in mathematics and reading is roughly 20 points on the 500-point NAEP scale, according to the report.
Why the gap? The Reuters report included this explanation:
Delia Pompa, senior vice president for programs for the National Council for La Raza, said that such factors as poverty, low expectations and language hit Hispanic students hard and contribute to the persistence of the achievement gap. The NCLR is the largest Latino advocacy organization in the country.
“We don’t have a choice as a nation,” said Pompa. “As this population is larger and then also becomes a larger part of the workforce, it’s important for everybody that these children be educated well and be prepared to be productive workers and citizens.”
Read more here.
Although high school students report drinking plenty of water, milk, and real fruit juice, they still gulp down more sugar-sweetened beverages than is probably good for them, CDC researchers found, ABC News reports.
About 24% of teen respondents said they had a soda every day.
Several racial/ethnic differences were found, according to the story, which originated at MedPage Today. Teen boys were more likely report drinking milk and whole fruit juices than girls, and whites were more likely than blacks and Hispanics to have water and milk every day. Boys and blacks were also more likely to drink soda and sports drinks than girls and white or Hispanic teens.
For more, watch the ABC News report here or below:
A new study finds that Hispanic women who use in vitro fertilization (IVF) are just as likely to get pregnant and have a baby as non-Hispanic whites, Reuters reports.
Study researcher Dr. Robert Brzyski, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, reviewed 10-years of outcomes of women who underwent IVF at his clinic.
Twenty-six out of every 100 Hispanic women who had the procedure became pregnant. White women had the same rate of pregnancy.
The vast majority of the women went on to deliver babies.
“Hispanics should be optimistic about pursuing IVF therapy,” Brzyski told Reuters Health.
Hispanics and other minorities ages 8-18 consume an average of 13 hours of media content a day, about 4-1/2 hours more than their white counterparts, according to a Northwestern University report, the first national study to focus exclusively on children’s media use by race and ethnicity.
Minority youth spend about an hour and a half more each day than White youth using their cell phones, iPods, etc., to watch TV and videos, play games, and listen to music (3:07 in mobile media use among Asians, 2:53 among Hispanics, 2:52 among blacks, and 1:20 among whites).
Black and Hispanic youth consuming an average of more than three hours of live TV daily (3:23 for blacks, 3:08 for Hispanics, 2:28 for Asians and 2:14 for whites).
TV viewing rates are even higher when data on time-shifting technologies such as TiVo, DVDs, and mobile and online viewing are included (5:54 for black youth, 5:21 for Hispanics, 4:41 for Asians, and 3:36 for whites).
Black and Hispanic youth are more likely to have TV sets in their bedrooms (84% of blacks, 77% of Hispanics compared to 64% of whites and Asians)
About 78% of black and 67% of Hispanic youth eat more meals in front of the TV set compared to 58% of white and 55% of Asian youths.
“In the past decade, the gap between minority and white youth’s daily media use has doubled for blacks and quadrupled for Hispanics,” says Northwestern Professor Ellen Wartella, who directed the study and heads the Center on Media and Human Development in the School of Communication. “The big question is what these disparities mean for our children’s health and education.”
Read more here.
While Hispanics have much lower risks of developing melanoma than non-Hispanic whites in California, they develop the disease at younger ages, develop thicker tumors, which are more difficult to treat, and experience a higher percentage of cases among people living in poorer areas, according to a new study.
This finding, just published in the journal Cancer by scientists at the Cancer Prevention Institute of California (CPIC), Stanford University, and the University of Southern California/Keck School of Medicine, follows a 2009 CPIC finding that melanoma rates are increasing in all racial/ethnic groups nationally, and points to the need for prevention efforts tailored to Hispanics.
To examine the importance of socioeconomic status in relation to melanoma incidence and tumor subtype and location among Hispanics and whites, the scientists investigated characteristics of cases for all 4,607 Hispanics and 83,859 whites with malignant melanoma of the skin in California from 1988 to 2007.
“These data are important evidence that messages around melanoma awareness and prevention may need to be tailored specifically to Hispanic populations in California,” said Dr. Christina Clarke, a study coauthor. “We are clearly seeing the worst kinds of melanoma—the thick tumors that have spread and are likely to be deadly—disproportionately among Hispanic men, especially those living in poorer neighborhoods.”
Find more info on the study here.