Posts tagged UTHSCSA
Sugary drink consumption contributes to increased rates of obesity and diabetes, studies show.
Raising the price of sugary drinks could reduce consumption among Latino kids, and potentially improve weight outcomes, according to a new package of research materials produced jointly by Salud America! and Bridging the Gap, two national research programs funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF).
The new Sugary Drinks & Latino Kids research materials start with an in-depth review of the latest science on sugary drink consumption by Latino kids and how pricing strategies could influence such consumption. The materials also provide policy implications based on that research.
Data shows that Latino kids have increased consumption of sugary drinks from 1991 to 2008.
By age 2, 74 percent of Latino kids have had a sugary drink (vs. 45 percent of White kids).
By high school, 22 percent of Latino kids have three or more sugary drinks a day (vs. 16% of White kids).
Strategies to alter sugary drink prices—such as sugary drink taxes, exclusion of sugary drinks from food assistance programs, and subsidization of healthier beverages—have been suggested to reduce sugary drink consumption.
“One study found that higher sugary drink prices were linked to lower body weight in school children, with a greater impact on Latino kids,” said Amelie G. Ramirez, director of Salud America!, a national network of stakeholders seeking research and environmental solutions to Latino obesity, based at the Institute for Health Promotion Research at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio.
While projections about the effects of such a tax vary, much research concludes that a tax higher than current sales tax rates would have some impact on consumption of sugary drinks.
For instance, one study found that a penny-per-ounce tax (i.e., about a 20 percent price increase if fully passed on to consumers) would decrease sugary drink consumption by up to 24 percent, which, researchers predict, would decrease obesity and diabetes rates.
“It is important for public health to limit the amount of added sugar consumed by Latino youths, given the impact of this added sugar on obesity, diabetes, liver disease, and cardiovascular disease now and into the future,” said Dr. Frank Chaloupka, distinguished professor of economics and public health at the University of Illinois at Chicago and project director for Bridging the Gap.
The new research package is the sixth of six new research material packages by Salud America!, each of which focused on a specific topic on Latino childhood obesity.
Download all the packages at www.salud-america.org.
What’s the impact of pricing on sugary drink consumption among Latino kids?
Check out this cool infographic that indicates that higher sugary drink prices were linked to lower body weight in school kids, with a greater impact on Latino students, according to research.
The infographic is part of a new Salud America! “Sugary Drinks and Latino Kids” package of research, which also contains a research review, issue brief and animated video. All materials can be found here.
But there’s good news.
Attending Síclovía on Sept. 29, 2013, may open the door to a healthier future for families across the city, according to a new study.
More than half of Síclovía attendees say they improved their physical activity behaviors after attending the event, according to the preliminary findings of a study presented this afternoon at a press conference by representatives of the YMCA of Greater San Antonio and the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
“Since the inception of Síclovía, participants have shared with us how the event encouraged them to adopt a healthier lifestyle,” says Sandy Morander of the YMCA of Greater San Antonio. “We are thrilled that this study confirms we are having an impact on a significant number of attendees. My hope is that on September 29 that even more families come out to play in the street and see that physical activity can be fun.”
The study was conducted during San Antonio’s last Síclovía event on April 7, 2013, and included surveys from 373 participants.
- 53% of respondents reported they changed their physical activity level after attending a Síclovía event.
- 48% of respondents reported they tried a new activity at the event.
- 43% of respondents reported they would not have been physically active the day of Síclovía had it not been for the event.
- 87% of people came to the event with their family and/or friends.
“We were excited to find that Síclovía is a family-oriented event that motivated non-active people to get off the couch and try new activities that they otherwise might have missed, and also sparked people to adopt healthier behaviors after the event, too,” said Dr. Deborah Parra-Medina, professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the IHPR at the UT Health Science Center. “Given that physical activity is scientifically proven to improve health and reduce the risk of disease, our results clearly demonstrate this event plays a role in improving San Antonio’s health.”
Síclovía is a free event hosted twice a year by the YMCA of Greater San Antonio.
At the event, a major street (Broadway between Lion’s Field Park and Alamo Plaza) is closed to vehicular traffic for several hours to provide a safe, open space to “play in the street.” Participants walk, run bike and skate through the closed street, stopping at “reclovias” along the way that provide a variety of activities, including exercise demonstrations, a skate park, a pet area and a healthy food area.
The next Síclovía will take place from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Sept. 29, 2013, on Broadway.
For more information, go here.
9/20/13: Watch Live Stream of Childhood Obesity Summit With Olympic Figure Skater Michelle Kwan, Researcher Amelie Ramirez, Others0
Washington Post Live will host a Childhood Obesity Summit on Sept. 20, 2013, featuring these and other exciting leaders in the movement who will offer fresh perspectives on strategies for reversing the epidemic and recent signs of progress.
There are a few ways you can take part:
- Apply here to attend in person in Washington, D.C.
- Watch a livestream of the event.
- Converse on Twitter using the hashtag #childhoodobesity.
Other scheduled speakers include Regina Benjamin, the 18th Surgeon General of the United States; Yael Lehmann, executive director of The Food Trust; Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, president and CEO of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF; which is also sponsoring the event).
Discussions will center on strategies to reduce obesity that are proving to be successful, including changes to school meals programs, efforts to improve access to healthy food in underserved communities and opportunities to encourage physical activity throughout the school day.
Dr. Amelie Ramirez, director of Salud America!, an RWJF-funded research network based at the Institute for Health Promotion Research at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, will discuss what’s working to improve healthy lifestyles in Latino-centric regions across the country.
Dr. Ramirez’ Twitter handle is @SaludToday.
A recent study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine that found that both parents and physicians in the Latino migrant farm-worker community of Immokalee, Fla., were not as concerned with their children being overweight as they were children who were obese.
The study suggested the need for programs that facilitate Latino parents’ interest and action to improve their children’s health.
Who is rising to meet the need?
The author of the study, Dr. Javier Rosado.
Rosado—who conducted the research as grantee of Salud America!, a Latino childhood obesity research network funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and directed by the Institute for Health Promotion Research at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio—has galvanized a team of medical experts, nutrition educators, soccer and Zumba instructors to create “Salud Immokalee,” a yearlong multidisciplinary program, naplesnews.com reports.
Salud Immokalee aims to help parents and their kids make healthier lifestyle choices.
To encourage healthier behavior, the program’s parents and kids get 18 weeks of classroom instruction and hands-on learning built around three essential elements: nutrition, physical activity and behavior, according to the news report.
Rosado is excited to be able to turn his research into a program that is helping migrant farm workers.
“That is why community-based research is so powerful,” Rosado, an assistant professor at the Florida State University College of Medicine and psychologist at Healthcare Network of Southwest Florida, told naplesnews.com. “You don’t have to wait years to put findings into action.”
Learn more about Dr. Rosado’s Salud America! research here.
Half of all Hispanic children will develop diabetes, health officials say, KENS-TV reports.
In South Texas, where the population is mostly Hispanic, diabetes and obesity are the top biggest threats to health, given their link to certain cancers, heart disease, stroke, and more.
South Texas, a 38-county region spanning 45,000 square miles along the Texas-Mexico border and northward up to San Antonio and Bexar County, is home to 18 percent of the state’s population. Yet, South Texas residents who are predominantly Hispanics struggle with lower educational levels, less income and less access to health care, setting the stage for disease, according to the South Texas Health Status Review, an examination of health problems in the region by the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio.
“Rates of diabetes and obesity in South Texas were higher than in the rest of Texas and nation,” said IHPR researcher Dr. Dorothy Long Parma. “That makes diabetes prevention a critical need.”
Healthy lifestyle changes, such as eating healthier and participating in more physical activity, can reduce the risk of developing diabetes and improve health, Dr. Long Parma said.
You’re invited to join a free webinar to learn more recruiting minorities into clinical research.
The webinar, which is at 11 a.m. CST (9 a.m. PST) on Tuesday, Sept. 10, 2013, is hosted by Redes En Acción, a Latino cancer research network funded by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and based at the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, to highlight critical challenges that must be addressed to accelerate the advancement of the science of recruitment and retention of ethnically diverse populations into clinical studies.
For the webinar, Redes researchers will present evidence of the relative lack of attention by researchers to recruitment and retention of ethnically diverse populations and what we know about effective methods. Then, data will be given on the inadequacy of dedicated funding to advance systematically this field. To begin to address these challenges, researchers will describe strategies used by the National Institute on Aging (NIA)-funded Resource Centers on Minority Aging Research and other NIA-funded programs to advance the science of recruitment and retention.
Finally, researchers will propose broad recommendations for generating a body of evidence on successful methods of recruitment and retention of ethnically diverse populations in clinical research.
The obesity epidemic poses a growing burden across the U.S., and low-income Latinos lacking insurance coverage are especially hard hit by the cost and disabilities from obesity-related type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Latino communities are fighting back by improving opportunities for healthy eating and physical activity.
The second Web Forum in the series Weight of the Latino Nation, set for 1 p.m. CST Thursday, Aug. 29, 2013, will highlight the latest research on the obesity epidemic and the factors impacting Latino communities.
Presenters include Dr. Amelie G. Ramirez, director of Salud America! and the Institute for Health Promotion Research at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, the team behind SaludToday. Salud America! recently released several research packages focused on topics around Latino childhood obesity, including healthier marketing and better food in the neighborhood.
Andre Quintero, mayor of El Monte, Calif., which is trying to institute a penny-per-ounce-sold tax on soda, is another speaker.
Presenters will discuss challenges to addressing the epidemic, and the program and policy actions being undertaken—or still needed—to tackle it.
…city officials cut obesity rates from 35% to 29%? (Pg 1)
…Latino families go “a day without sugar”? (Pg 3)
…Bodegas add healthier foods? (Pg 5)
Find the answers and more in the new Salud America! E-Newsletter.
Salud America! The RWJF Research Network to Prevent Obesity Among Latino Children is a national program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. The program aims to unite and increase the number of Latino stakeholders engaged in community change and research on environmental and policy solutions to the epidemic.
The network is directed by the Institute for Health Promotion Research at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio.
For more info, go here.
Diabetes and obesity are the two most significant health threats in South Texas, according to a new report published online in Springer Open Books by the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) in the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
The South Texas Health Status Review, originally self-published in 2008, was updated this year to study more than 35 health conditions and risk factors and how people in South Texas may be differently affected than those in the rest of Texas or nation.
The Review, in addition to singling out diabetes and obesity, also indicates that the South Texas region faces higher rates than the rest of Texas or nation for:
- Cervical, liver, stomach and gallbladder cancers
- Child and adolescent leukemia
- Neural tube defects
- Other birth defects
- Childhood lead poisoning
“The Review is a roadmap of the health inequalities that burden the health of South Texas residents, especially Hispanics, compared the rest of Texas and nation,” said Amelie G. Ramirez, Dr.P.H., lead editor of the Review and director of the IHPR at the Health Science Center. “We hope this knowledge motivates researchers and public health leaders to create and shape interventions to reverse those inequalities.”
South Texas, a 38-county region spanning 45,000 square miles along the Texas-Mexico border and northward up to Bexar County, is home to 18 percent of the state’s population.
Yet South Texas residents, who are predominantly Hispanics, struggle with lower educational levels, less income and less access to health care.
To chart the health status of the region, Dr. Ramirez teamed up with the Texas Department of State Health Services with support from the Health Science Center’s Regional Academic Health Center (RAHC), represented by regional dean Leonel Vela, M.D., and the Cancer Therapy and Research Center (CTRC), represented by director Ian M. Thompson, M.D.
The team analyzed county, state and national data to compare South Texas’ incidence, prevalence and mortality rates for more than 35 health indicators—from communicable diseases like HIV/AIDS to cancers to maternal health and even environmental health—to the rest of Texas and the nation by age, sex, race/ethnicity and rural/urban location.
The Review found that South Texas had higher rates, compared to the rest of Texas, for 12 of the health indicators analyzed. Incidence rates for many of the health indicators were even higher for South Texas Hispanics than non-Hispanic whites.
For example, the percentage of obese adults in South Texas (32.7%) was higher than that of the rest of Texas (29.1%) and nation (27%).
Hispanics in South Texas also were more obese (37.9%) than their white counterparts.
“Obesity, a risk factor for diabetes and certain cancers, can be directly linked to lifestyle behaviors, such as inadequate physical activity and poor eating habits,” Dr. Ramirez said. “Prevention research efforts directed at obesity and diabetes could significantly reduce the burden of disease in South Texas communities.”