Posts tagged National Academies
America’s obesity epidemic is so deeply rooted that it will take dramatic and systemic measures—from overhauling farm policies and zoning laws to, possibly, introducing a soda tax—to fix it, according to a new report released May 8, 2012, by the influential Institute of Medicine (IOM), Reuters reports.
The 478-page report, according to Reuters, refutes the idea that obesity is largely the result of a lack of willpower on the part of individuals:
Instead, it embraces policy proposals that have met with stiff resistance from the food industry and lawmakers, arguing that multiple strategies will be needed to make the U.S. environment less “obesogenic.”
The IOM, part of the National Academies, offers advice to the government and others on health issues. Its report was released at the Weight of the Nation conference, a three-day meeting hosted by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cable channel HBO will air a documentary of the same name next week.
“People have heard the advice to eat less and move more for years, and during that time a large number of Americans have become obese,” committee member Shiriki Kumanyika of the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine told Reuters. “That advice will never be out of date. But when you see the increase in obesity you ask, what changed? And the answer is, the environment. The average person cannot maintain a healthy weight in this obesity-promoting environment.”
Earlier this week, a CDC-funded study projected that by 2030, 42% of American adults will be obese, compared to 34% today.
The staggering human toll of obesity-related chronic disease and disability, and an annual cost of $190.2 billion for treating obesity-related illness, underscore the need to strengthen prevention efforts.
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation asked the IOM to identify catalysts that could speed progress in obesity prevention. The IOM evaluated prior obesity prevention strategies and identified recommendations to meet the following goals and accelerate progress:
- Integrate physical activity every day in every way
- Make healthy foods available everywhere
- Marketing what matters for a healthy life
- Activating employers and health care professionals
- Strengthening schools as the heart of health
Check out these various training opportunities:
Christine Mirzayan Science and Technology Policy Graduate Fellowship Program
This graduate fellowship program of the National Academies is an early-career educational and training opportunity designed to engage fellows in the analytical process that informs U.S. science and technology policy. Fellows develop basic skills essential to working or participating in science policy at the federal, state, or local levels. The program takes place in Washington, D.C., from Aug. 27-Nov. 16, 2012.
Application Deadline: May 1, 2012 (references due April 27, 2012)
XSEDE (Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment) is a collection of integrated digital resources and services. You can apply for a year-long program for U.S. students from underrepresented groups in the area of computational sciences to learn more about high performance computing and XSEDE resources, network with cutting-edge researchers and professional leaders, etc. XSEDE scholars will receive a travel grant to attend the XSEDE12 conference in Chicago (July 15-19, 2012) and participate in at least six online sessions.
Application Deadline: April 30, 2012 (references due April 27, 2012)
Psychology Summer Institute
The American Psychological Association is accepting applications for the 2012 Minority Fellowship Program Psychology Summer Institute, which will take place July 8-14, 2012 in Washington, D.C. The summer institute provides educational, professional development and mentoring experiences to advanced doctoral students of psychology and psychologists who are in the early stage of their careers. Participants are guided toward developing a grant proposal, postdoctoral fellowship, dissertation, treatment program, publication or program evaluation project.
Application deadline: May 1, 2012
Mentoring Researchers in Latino Health Disparities
The Graduate School of Public Health and the Institute for Behavioral and Community Health Services at San Diego State University are accepting applications for a nationwide mentoring program, Investing in America’s Future: Mentoring Researchers in Latino Health Disparities. The purpose of the program, which is scheduled July 20-August 3, 2012 in San Diego, California, is to mentor junior faculty and researchers pursuing research interests in cardiovascular disease in Latino populations and other chronic diseases specific to Latino subgroups.
Application deadline: Submit pre-application online as soon as possible