Posts tagged latina
However, Hispanic women have the highest rates of cervical cancer in the United States.
Of every 100,000 U.S. women, about 11 Hispanic women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, compared to only seven non-Hispanic women, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The good news is that cervical cancer can be prevented through vaccination.
CDC recommends girls and boys receive the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12, which can help prevent cervical and other cancers in men and women caused by HPV, a virus so common that nearly every person who is sexually active will be infected with HPV in their lifetime.
CDC also recommends adult women see their doctor regularly for a Pap test and any necessary follow-up treatment.
What are other ways to reduce your risk of cervical cancer?
For Minority Health Awareness Month, be sure to read more in English or Spanish from the CDC, or check out this inspiring video in English or Spanish on vaccination from the Institute for Health Promotion Research at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, the team behind SaludToday.
But fewer than half of Latinas recognize the typical heart attack symptoms of chest pain, shortness of breath, and pain that spreads to the shoulders, neck or arms, according to the American Heart Association.
So the Haga La Llamada, ¡No Pierda Tiempo! campaign, based on the HHS Office of Women’s Health’s successful “Make the Call, Don’t Miss a Beat” campaign, aims to educate, engage and empower Latinas and their families to learn the seven most common symptoms of a heart attack and encourage them to call 9-1-1 as soon as they experience one or more of the following heart attack symptoms:
- Chest pain, discomfort, pressure or squeezing
- Shortness of breath
- Light-headedness or sudden dizziness
- Unusual upper body pain, or discomfort in one or both arms, back, shoulder, neck, jaw, or upper part of the stomach
- Unusual fatigue
- Breaking out in a cold sweat
You’re also invited to join @HHSLatino for a bilingual Twitter Chat on Latino heart health at 2 p.m. EST Thursday, Feb. 28. Use #CorazonChat to follow the conversation and submit questions ahead of time. The chat also involves @WomensHealth, @SaludDLaMujer, @American_Heart, @MinorityHealth, @US_FDA, and @FDAenEspanol.
The Prevent Cancer Foundation has designed, developed and pilot-tested “Campeonas contra el cáncer de seno” (Champions Against Breast Cancer), a culturally appropriate, peer-to-peer outreach effort to improve breast cancer screening among Latinas.
By sharing their own experiences with being screened for breast cancer, “Campeonas” encourage their female friends and family members over the age of 40 to get mammograms.
“Campeonas” training and free-standing community educational materials are now available for free on the Prevent Cancer Foundation’s website (in both Spanish and English) for community health organizations.
One of these materials is an illustrated novela, “Un Encuentro Oportuno: Conversando Sobre el Cancer de Seno” (A Timely Encounter: Talking About Breast Cancer), which uses pictures and a story to share information about breast cancer screening.
“It is especially unique in that all elements of the project were created with input from women in the Washington D.C. Latina community to ensure cultural appropriateness, interest and usability,” said Karen Peterson, Vice President of Programs for the Prevent Cancer Foundation. “The grassroots nature of the project also allows for a highly personal and comfortable discussion on breast cancer screening.”
Funding for this project was provided by the Prevent Cancer Foundation and the National Capital Area Affiliate of Susan G. Komen for the Cure.
Check out this touching video “heart story” from a Latina, Lidia Morales.
The video is from Go Red Por Tu Corazón, which celebrates the energy, passion and power Hispanic women have to band together to wipe out heart disease, one of the leading causes of Latina death.
Extra support for patients, called “patient navigation,” can lead to faster diagnosis for Latinas after an abnormal mammogram result, according to a new study by the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR), part of the School of Medicine at The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
The study, published this week by the journal Cancer, also suggests that patient navigation should be carefully targeted to have the greatest impact on eventual health outcomes.
IHPR researchers worked with partners in the federally funded Redes En Acción: The National Latino Cancer Network to examine the experiences of 425 Latinas in six cities nationwide. Each woman had received an abnormal result in initial breast cancer screening and was referred for further evaluation.
About half of the women received help from trained patient navigators, who provided culturally sensitive support and help overcoming barriers related to transportation, child care, insurance coverage, language and more. The rest of the patients did not receive patient navigation.
The study’s patient navigators, all Latinas themselves, were high school graduates between the ages of 25 and 47, and were trained to coordinate care according to the same patient navigation model.
For patients who received navigation services, the time between an abnormality being found and eventual diagnosis – whether positive or negative for cancer – was significantly shortened.
Those who worked with patient navigators were diagnosed in an average of 32.5 days, compared with 44.6 days for those who did not receive patient navigation.
“This study demonstrates that patient navigation can influence the time to cancer diagnosis for Latinas,” said IHPR Director Dr. Amelie G. Ramirez and study author.
More specifically, researchers found the greatest benefit for women whose abnormalities were categorized upon discovery as “probably benign” – or BI-RADS-3 on the American College of Radiology’s Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System.
The likelihood of cancer in a woman with a BI-RADS-3 screening result is about 2-4%.
Health care providers typically instruct these women to return for another screening within six months; however, delays and anxiety occur, appointments are missed and Latinas may skip subsequent screenings altogether, potentially setting the stage for confirmatory diagnoses at more advanced stages of cancer with lower survival probability.
In this study, on average, women with “probably benign” abnormalities received a diagnosis more than 40 days sooner if they worked with a patient navigator.
“For women with more ambiguous screening results, a faster diagnosis through patient navigation relieves them of the burden of worrying about their health,” Dr. Ramirez said. “We can target Latinas who are falling through cracks and prevent situations where cancer advances to worse stages because Latinas aren’t following up an ambiguous screening result.”
Critics didn’t think Rosa Soto would amount to anything because of her lisp. They thought she’d never graduate, or get a good job.
But Soto overcame her lisp, earned a political science and international relations degree from the University of Southern California, and has worked to empower underserved families and children for more than 15 years, according to a new profile story about her by the Healthy Kids, Healthy Communities (HKHC).
Soto is currently the regional director for the California Center for Public Health Advocacy (CCPHA) and the project director for the HKHC project in Baldwin Park, Calif.
“I’m a community organizer. I never thought of myself as a public health person,” she said, although her career spans teen pregnancy, diabetes and now childhood obesity.
Soto grounds herself in family and in helping others find their voice, according to the profile story. Rosa’s parents were immigrants from Mexico.
“A lot of my childhood was about fitting in and finding a place of belonging,” she explained. And she wants others to also feel they belong and can make a difference. That the status quo doesn’t have to remain “the norm.” This work is important to me because it gives me an opportunity to demonstrate that change is possible.”
Read Soto’s full story here.
Sandra San Miguel de Majors, a research instructor at the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) at the Health Science Center at San Antonio, touted the use of community health workers—called promotores—to improve people’s health at the Latina Health Policy Briefing for Promotores de Salud on Sept. 26, 2012, at the White House in Washington, D.C.
The policy briefing, organized by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to review the affordable care act, united key Latino health care providers, researchers, stakeholders and promotores to discuss successful evidenced-based Latino research initiatives utilizing promotores.
The briefing featured Cecilia Muñoz, director of the White House Domestic Policy Council and Kathleen Sebelius, HHS secretary.
San Miguel participated in a panel featuring promotora research and outreach successes. Representing IHPR director Dr. Amelie Ramirez and IHPR researcher Dr. Deborah Parra-Medina, San Miguel gave an overview on IHPR’s obesity research projects:
- Salud America! The RWJF Research Network to Prevent Obesity Among Latino Children is a national network of researchers, community leaders, policymakers, and others who are working together to seek environmental and policy solutions to address Latino childhood obesity.
- Enlace is testing the effectiveness of a culturally appropriate, theory-based intervention to increase moderate to vigorous physical activity among impoverished Latinas in South Texas.
- The SaludToday social media campaign is stimulating an ongoing discussion among Latino families, community leaders, health researchers and others interested in improving the health of U.S. Latinos.
“We are discovering through our research efforts that promotores play a major role in effectively changing our Latino community perspective toward health and physical activity,” San Miguel said. “In addition to helping to navigate the community and connecting them with the appropriate social support resources, promotores are acting as behavioral change agents.”
Also represented on the promotora panel were the Health Disparities Department at the American Cancer Society, Planned Parenthood of Wisconsin, and the National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health.
Julie Chavez Rodrigues, associate director of the White House Office of Public Engagement and granddaughter of the late Latino rights activist César Chavez, made closing remarks.
“It was an honor for me to represent the IHPR and our team of IHPR promotores, whose passion and dedication enables us to implement successful evidenced based and community based participatory research programs within our Latino communities at a local and national level,” San Miguel said. “It was a wonderful experience; I was humbled to be in such distinguished company.”
By SaludToday Guest Blogger: Lizbeth Barrera
I come from a Mexican-American family where food is part of our culture.
Coming together and enjoying our traditional plates is something I cherish. I grew up eating chilaquiles, enchiladas, sopes—basically all those yummy “antojitos.”
My struggle with my own weight caused me to realize that we need to eat these traditionally fried foods in moderation. Our cuisine is delicious and unique, but we must think twice before consuming it daily.
The peak of my weight gain occurred in college. At the University of California, Berkeley, I cooked what I learned from my mom’s kitchen, and ate a lot of fast food. I had a college degree under my belt, but also 155 pounds. It might not seem like a lot, but I am only 5-feet, 1-inch tall.
I didn’t realize my weight gain until I returned home to San Jose, Calif. I did not feel good about myself when I went shopping. Clothes didn’t flatter me. My self esteem was down.
I decided it was time for a change and signed up for a six-week boot camp the summer I graduated. There I ran my first mile since high school (a proud day), but I only lost 5 pounds in the program.
I wondered why it wasn’t making lose the weight I wanted.
Then it finally clicked—I needed moderate-to-intense exercise and a change to my diet.
This year was life-changing. I got a two-year gym membership for Christmas and began to jog on the treadmill. The boot camp was a nice quick fix, but going to the gym on a regular basis was a better long-term solution. I got up to three miles jogging at a time.
I cut the proportions of the food I ate. But I wasn’t eating healthy. Eating fried food made me feel week.
In February 2012, I became a pescaterian, which includes seafood but not the flesh of other animals. My vegetable intake increased dramatically. Becoming a pescaterian in a Mexican American family, where meat is part of our cuisine, is frowned upon. Pescaterianism does allow me to enjoy some traditional Mexican food, such as ceviche and enchiladas, but it stops me from eating so much of it.
I also ran my first half-marathon this year. One of the biggest accomplishments in my life. I trained for two months on nearby park trails. I went from jogging three miles at the gym at the beginning of the year to running 13 miles in June. Running is something I love and enjoy doing. I am now training for my second half-marathon on Oct. 7, 2012.
I am currently 122 pounds, down from 155.
I am not trying to promote pescaterianism or becoming a runner. What I do recommend is a lifestyle change, not a quick fix. I recommend finding some sort of sport or exercise that you enjoy or become proud of doing. I also am not urging that we stop eating traditional, delicious Mexican food. Instead, perhaps we should eat it in smaller portions and find healthier ways to cook it.
Latinas are less physically active than Latino men and are less likely to meet physical activity guidelines than other population groups.
This inactivity may lead to obesity and associated conditions like diabetes and heart disease.
To improve Latinas’ health, a new five-year, $3.48 million study will use promotoras—trained community health workers—to lead culturally appropriate group education and exercise sessions for Latinas in community centers in South Texas’ Lower Rio Grande Valley, says study leader Dr. Deborah Parra-Medina, professor at the Institute for Health Promotion Research (IHPR) in the School of Medicine of The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.
Participants also will get newsletters and telephone counseling.
The effort, called Enlace (which means to “connect” or “join” in English) and funded by the National Institutes of Health, aims to increase Latinas’ physical activity rates.
“The idea behind Enlace is that, through this promotora intervention, Latinas will gain an otherwise-unavailable layer of social support to overcome barriers to activity and make positive behavioral changes—namely that Latinas engage in 30 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity on five or more days a week,” Dr. Parra-Medina said.
Dr. Parra-Medina and her colleagues had identified several barriers that influence physical activity behaviors among Latinas in South Texas: the dominance of work and family responsibilities, time, social isolation, lack of social support and personal motivation, access issues (e.g., program costs, lack of childcare and transportation), neighborhood safety and other factors.
For the new Enlace study, Dr. Parra-Medina’s team will recruit 704 Latinas ages 18-64 who do not meet federal physical activity guidelines from eight community resource centers in impoverished areas in the Lower Rio Grande Valley.
Half the women will be randomly assigned to the Enlace intervention, which includes 16 once-a-week promotora-led group exercise sessions; and 24 weeks of a maintenance intervention with monthly promotora-delivered newsletters and telephone counseling.
The other half will serve as a control group.
Dr. Parra-Medina’s team will compare the two groups based on minutes per week of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, physical fitness, wand other factors.
“We hypothesize that Latinas in the intervention group will significantly increase their levels of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, compared to those in the control group,” Dr. Parra-Medina said.
Read more here.
The National Diabetes Education Program’s new bilingual fotonovela, Do it for them! But also for yourself (Hazlo por ellos! Pero por ti también), helps Latinas at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
The fotonovela uses role models to demonstrate how women can reduce their risk of developing type 2 diabetes through increased physical activity, healthy food choices, and weight loss.
The fotonovela tells the story of three friends, Elisa, Raquel, and Lourdes, who work at a local dry cleaners/laundry facility. All of them have children. Elisa is Mexican, married, and has two small children. Her wise and humorous mother, Doña Emma, gives her lots of advice about how to be healthy. Raquel is from Puerto Rico. She is single and raising her 13-year-old sister. Lourdes is from Guatemala. She is married, has two children and had gestational diabetes in her last pregnancy.
Read more here.