Posts tagged cdc
But these health inequalities are preventable.
A new tool, A Practitioner’s Guide for Advancing Health Equity, can help public health practitioners work at the community level to tackle health inequities through policy, systems, and environmental improvements designed to enhance tobacco-free living, healthy eating, and active living among the underserved.
The guide, from the Prevention Institute and the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, has practical tips on how you can build change for health equity:
- Tips to help you and your colleagues build organizational capacity; develop partnerships; foster meaningful engagement; and design and evaluate equity-oriented strategies.
- Strategies, based in evidence and honed by practice, that are designed to reduce health disparities and create healthy communities for all.
- Information about potential barriers and unintended consequences that can hinder chronic disease prevention efforts.
- Examples of successful equity-oriented approaches to improving public health and reducing disparities, drawn from communities across the country.
The guide also has dozens of examples of successful changes in health equity.
For example, in Louisville, Ken., Louisville Metro Public Health and Wellness implemented the Healthy Hometown Restaurant Initiative, designed to encourage restaurants to provide healthier options for their patrons. Outreach efforts led many restaurant owners throughout the city, including in low-income neighborhoods, to alter their menus and provide nutrition labeling information for their menus.
Hispanics suffer a heavier burden of health conditions like diabetes, uncontrolled blood pressure, and work-related deaths, according to a new federal report.
The Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report Supplement, released on Nov. 21 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), highlights differences in mortality and disease risk for multiple conditions related to behaviors, access to health care, and social determinants of health—the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, age, and work.
The report highlights several Hispanic-oriented issues or conditions:
- Preventable hospitalization rates were highest for Hispanics and blacks.
- Diabetes rates were highest among Hispanics and blacks.
- Rates of uncontrolled blood pressure were highest among Mexican Americans.
- The prevalence of periodontitis, a gum infection, is highest among Mexican Americans than other racial/ethnic groups.
- Flu vaccine rates increased for Hispanics ages 65 and older.
- Minorities and Spanish speakers were more likely to live near major highways—suggesting an increased exposure to traffic-related air pollution.
- Work-related deaths are highest for Hispanics.
- The highest percentage of adults not completing high school were Hispanic.
- The highest percentage of adults living below the federal poverty level were black or Hispanic.
- Racial/ethnic minority areas more often lacked at least one healthier food retailer within a half-mile than white areas.
“It is clear that more needs to be done to address the gaps and to better assist Americans disproportionately impacted by the burden of poor health,” said Dr. Chesley Richards, director of CDC’s Office of Public Health Scientific Services, which produced the report. “We hope that this report will lead to interventions that will allow all Americans, particularly those most harmed by health inequalities, to live healthier and more productive lives.”
View the full report here.
While U.S. obesity rates appear to have leveled off, Hispanics and Blacks have strikingly higher obesity rates than their White and Asian peers, Bloomberg reports.
The good news is that overall adult obesity is not rising.
About one-third of American adults (about 78 million people) are obese, about the same number as across the last decade, according to the National Center for Health Statistics, part of the U.S. Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The report was led by researcher Dr. Cynthia L. Ogden.
But racial/ethnic disparities in obesity rates continue to be alarming.
About 43 percent of Hispanics and 48 percent of blacks are obese, compared with 33 percent of whites and 11 percent of Asians, Bloomberg reports.
Dr. Amelie G. Ramirez, director the Salud America! Latino childhood obesity research network at the Institute for Health Promotion Research at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, said more educational and research efforts are needed to reduce obesity among Latinos, especially because of high obesity rates among Latino kids.
“We need to work to make the healthy choice the easy choice, and generate a culture of health for Latinos and the nation,” Ramirez said. “We can’t let this be the first generation of children that might outlive their parents.”
Time for Latino parents to gather supplies and back packs.
It’s also a great time to make sure kids are up to date on their vaccines, according to the National Public Health Information Coalition.
For National Immunization Awareness Month in August, the coalition is promoting English and Spanish resources from the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to highlight the importance of immunizations throughout life, and to make sure children are protected with all the vaccines they need.
Most schools require children to be current on vaccinations before enrolling to protect the health of all students.
Getting children all of the vaccines recommended in the CDC immunization schedule is one of the most important things parents can do to protect their children’s health, according to a statement by the National Public Health Information Coalition.
Parents can find out more about the recommended immunization schedule here.
A new bilingual campaign is encouraging HIV testing among Latino gay and bisexual men.
The campaign, called REASONS/RAZONES and developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), offers a website and Facebook page with information on HIV, how to get tested, and how to take action.
You can find a nearby test site by texting your zip code to KNOW IT (566948).
The campaign also features bilingual videos that show Latino gay and bisexual men share their reasons for getting an HIV test, which is fast, free, and confidential.
At age 47, Mariano woke up one morning feeling sick and dizzy. He was sweating a lot. He went to the doctor, who told him his blood pressure was extremely high. He was hospitalized that day.
Three days later, he had open heart surgery to replace blocked blood vessels in his heart.
“I smoked my last cigarette the day I was told I needed heart surgery,” he said. He hasn’t smoked since. “I was given a second chance to live.”
Mariano, who loves to cook and noticed that he has more energy since he quit smoking, is part of a new effort from the CDC and the National Latino Tobacco Control Network (NLTCN) to raise awareness among Latinos about the dangers of tobacco use and second-hand smoke.
The campaign, Tips from Smokers, features real-life stories from ex-smokers like Mariano.
Latinos, for example, suffer various disparities in cancer, chronic disease, obesity and other conditions.
To learn more, visit the Institute for Health Promotion Research at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, the team behind SaludToday.
You also can check out the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Health Disparities & Inequalities Report. The report analyzes recent trends and ongoing variations in health disparities and inequalities.
Kids get active in their communities to save the world from a sedentary-style villain in a neat new video from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Each scene in the video is designed to showcase kids getting physical activity and eating right.
For the video, CDC invited U.S. kids to audition for the video.
Some of the more than 7,000 audition videos were used to build the film. Special effects were added to turn the kids’ actions into superpowers.
However, Hispanic women have the highest rates of cervical cancer in the United States.
Of every 100,000 U.S. women, about 11 Hispanic women are diagnosed with cervical cancer, compared to only seven non-Hispanic women, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The good news is that cervical cancer can be prevented through vaccination.
CDC recommends girls and boys receive the HPV vaccine at age 11 or 12, which can help prevent cervical and other cancers in men and women caused by HPV, a virus so common that nearly every person who is sexually active will be infected with HPV in their lifetime.
CDC also recommends adult women see their doctor regularly for a Pap test and any necessary follow-up treatment.
What are other ways to reduce your risk of cervical cancer?
For Minority Health Awareness Month, be sure to read more in English or Spanish from the CDC, or check out this inspiring video in English or Spanish on vaccination from the Institute for Health Promotion Research at The UT Health Science Center at San Antonio, the team behind SaludToday.