Posts tagged arthritis
Latinos, African Americans and women are disproportionately affected by both obesity and osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of arthritis, which is characterized by the breakdown of cartilage that acts as a cushion at the ends of bones.
On Sept. 18-19, 2012, Movement is Life will convene for its third annual National Caucus on Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Health Disparities.
At this year’s meeting, the cause and effect relationship between osteoarthritis and obesity will be at the forefront of discussions.
“For patients with osteoarthritis, the friction produced when bones grind against one another causes chronic pain and stiffness. As a result, many limit their physical activity, which often leads to weight gain,” said Dr. Mary O’Connor of the Mayo Clinic Florida and the co-chair of Movement is Life, which aims to decrease disparities in musculoskeletal care delivery by raising awareness of ways to proactively manage chronic diseases. “Chronic pain, inactivity and weight gain can escalate into obesity, which in turn worsens the burden of osteoarthritis. However, obesity can also initiate the cycle. Being overweight increases the risk and progression of osteoarthritis because the extra load directly impacts weight-bearing joints such as the knees and hips.”
Facts about arthritis
- An estimated 3.1 million Hispanics are living with arthritis, and 39.1 percent of Hispanic adults are considered obese.
- Of the nearly 27 million Americans who have osteoarthritis, nearly 16 million are women.
- More than 60 percent of U.S. adult women are overweight.
- An estimated 4.6 million African Americans are living with arthritis. Four out of five African American women are overweight or obese, which is the highest rate of any group in the U.S.
“OA and obesity act as catalysts for other chronic conditions, such as diabetes and heart disease,” said Alberto Bolanos, MD and Co-Founder of the American Association of Latino Orthopaedic Surgeons. “The treatment of patients who suffer from multiple chronic conditions is challenging to our health care system. Osteoarthritis and obesity lead to worse health conditions, resulting in higher medical costs and, sadly, a poorer quality of life.”
The two-day 2012 National Caucus on Arthritis & Musculoskeletal Health Disparities will bring together a consortium of stakeholders representing primary care physicians, orthopaedic surgeons, health advocacy organizations, community organizations, academia, faith-based leaders, industry leaders and more.
Learn more at www.movementislifecaucus.com.
About 3.1 million Hispanics have arthritis—fewer than blacks and whites.
But Hispanics are much more impacted by “arthritis-attributable effects.” That is, their activities are more limited due to arthritis than other population groups, according to a new study.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study, featured in a new Journal of the American Medical Association article, indicates that, among Hispanic subgroups, Puerto Ricans have the highest age-adjusted prevalence of arthritis (21.8%) and Cubans/Cuban Americans the lowest (11.7%). Of the 3.1 million Hispanics with arthritis, 1.4 million reported arthritis-attributable activity limitations.
Puerto Ricans had the highest age-adjusted prevalence of arthritis-attributable activity limitations (48.5%) and Cubans/Cuban Americans the lowest (21.1%).
“Wide-scale use of culturally adapted, community-level interventions that are proven to increase physical activity and self-management skills likely would lead to meaningful improvements in the quality of life for Hispanic adults with arthritis,” the researchers wrote in the JAMA article.
Rates of arthritis vary among different Hispanic groups, but its overall effects appear to be substantial across groups, according to an analysis of national CDC survey data, MedPage Today reports.
According to the report:
Subgroups of Hispanic patients reported different rates of doctor-diagnosed arthritis, with 11.7% of Cubans and Cuban-Americans saying they had some form of arthritis, compared with 21.8% of Puerto Ricans — similar to rates of 22.6% among non-Hispanic whites and 21.4% among non-Hispanic blacks, reported Louise Murphy, PhD, of the CDC, and colleagues.
At the same time, more than 20% of all Hispanic subgroups with some form of arthritis also reported suffering one or more of its effects — activity and work limitations and severe joint pain — Murphy and her co-authors wrote in the Feb. 18 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Researchers also found:
- Arthritis-attributable activity limitation (AAAL): range of 21.1% among Cubans and Cuban-Americans to 48.5% of Puerto Ricans
- Arthritis-attributable world limitations (AAWL): range of 32.9% among Central and South Americans to 41.6% of Mexicans
- Severe joint pain: range of 23.7% among Cubans to 44.1% of Puerto Ricans
Read more here.